Critical incidents are situations that occur outside of our normal frame of reference and challenge us to understand and cope with what has happened. Critical Incident Group Debriefing (CIGD) is a short-term group intervention process that focuses on an immediate event. CIGD is one of several methods that may be utilized to lessen the likelihood of people experiencing symptoms of trauma and stress after a critical incident. This group debriefing process provides a place for participants to talk and share experiences, and for the facilitator to teach and provide information about the impact of critical incidents. While participants of this workshop will learn how to facilitate a group debriefing, they will also learn how to discern when CIGD is appropriate for a group and when it might not be a suitable intervention.
Some of the Topics Reviewed
- Definitions and Overview
- Role of Group Debriefing
- Possible Reactions to a Critical Incident
- Response Variables
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
- Group Debriefing History
- Group Debriefing Models
- Benefits and Problems with Group Debriefing
- Preparing for a Group Debriefing
- CIGD Phases
- Considerations About the Process
- Tips for Facilitators
This is an intermediate level workshop intended for school personnel, social service and health care professionals, counsellors, social workers, managers, human resource professionals, and anyone seeking a better understanding of how to facilitate a group debriefing after a tragic event.
Method of Delivery
Presentation, video, case study exercises, experiential practice, personal reflection, and small group discussions.
At the end of this workshop, participants should be able to:
- Understand how people respond differently to the same event
- Describe a framework for facilitating a group debriefing
- Know the benefits and potential problems with group debriefing
- Identify when critical incident group debriefing is appropriate
- Apply principles learned to their own environment