Dissociation is the separation of an individual’s consciousness, identity, memory, or actions from their regular behaviour. In the context of a traumatic event, dissociation can be an adaptive response to allow a person to “step out of themselves” or separate from the current situation in order to better survive it. Dissociation can occur to different degrees: on one end, everyday daydreaming is a form of dissociation, and, on the other end, dissociation can be associated with very high stress and be part of a traumatic freeze response to escape the present threat.

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